In the southern region of Isfahan, nestled amidst the landscape, thrive the Ghashgai (Ghaschgai) nomads, renowned across the region for their exquisite craftsmanship in carpet production. These nomads, distinguished by their nomadic lifestyle, establish two seasonal camps annually, one nestled in the rugged terrain of the Zagros Mountains during the warmer months and the other along the shores of the Persian Gulf as winter descends upon the land.

Their migratory patterns are dictated by the needs of their vast flocks of sheep and goats, which require ample space and sustenance throughout the year. Utilizing the wool harvested from their own herds, the Ghashgai meticulously weave carpets that serve as essential elements of their daily lives, adorning their tents as floor coverings or wall tapestries.

Draped in colorful robes and adorned with distinctive round hats, the Ghashgai traverse the landscape with the aid of donkeys, horses, and loyal dogs, which support them in their daily tasks and journeys across the terrain. The carpets they produce bear a distinct reddish-brown hue, crafted to withstand the rigors of their nomadic lifestyle, resistant to the dirt and dust encountered along their travels.

Embellished with a rich tapestry of motifs, these carpets reflect the diverse flora and fauna of the Ghashgai's surroundings, capturing the essence of their nomadic existence. Inspired by the ancient splendor of Persepolis, some designs draw upon the imagery found within its ruins, featuring intricate patterns of hexagons or diamond-shaped medallions, including the distinctive Hebatlu pattern, paying homage to a revered Ghashgai tribe.

A hallmark of Ghashgai carpet production is the utilization of horizontal looms, where artisans meticulously knot each strand of wool, often seated atop partially completed sections to ensure precision and detail. While traditionally the domain of nomadic communities, settled populations have also embraced carpet-making, preserving the time-honored techniques and standards of quality.

Drawing from natural resources, including sheep, goat, and horsehair, the Ghashgai employ organic dyes to imbue their carpets with vibrant hues, creating timeless pieces of functional art. Despite the challenges posed by modernization and commercialization, Ghashgai carpets remain steadfast symbols of resilience and craftsmanship, enduring testaments to a way of life deeply rooted in tradition and heritage.