Rugs bearing the general label ‘Afghan' in fact come from a large area Afghanistan. There are two kinds. The old woven by nomadic Turkomans, and the 'new' woven in craft centres by Turkomans and Afghans. Old Afghans are almost copper in colour, with designs worked in dark blue which appear almost black. They had a short pile with a fairly high density of knot. More modern examples are easily distinguished by their rich warm red colours and patterns which are quite unmistakable. White and yellow are also occasionally present. On some rugs the principal motif is the large gull which is arranged in lines normally two in number separated by stylised branches.
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